rajasthan general knowledge for student
competition exam
science related topic

सामान्य ज्ञान-प्रमुख धर्म-General knowledge-most religion-Bodh dharma 

     

bhodh dharm
bhagvan budh

 

 

  • bodh dharma ke sansathapak gautam budh the. inhe asia ka jyoti punj kaha jata hai 
  • gautam budh ka janm 563 isha purv me kapilvastu ke lumbini naamak sthan par hua tha. 
  • inke pita shudhodhan shaky gan ke mukhiya the . 
  • inki mata mayadevi ki mrityu inke janm ke satve din hi ho gayi thi. inka lalan-palan inki soteli maa prajapati gautami ne kiya tha. 
  • inke bachpan ka naam sidharth tha.
  • gautam budh ka vivah 16 vrsh ki avstha me yashodhara ke sath hua. inke putr ka naam rahul tha. 
  • sidharth jab kapilvastu ki sair par nikle to unhone nimn char drishyo ko krmahshah dekha- 
  • (1) budha vyakti (2) ek bimar vykti (3) shav (4) ek sanyasi 
  • sansarik samsyao se vythit hokar sidharth ne 29 vrsh ki avstha me grih- tyag kiya, jise bodhdharma me mahabhinishkarman kaha gya hain . 
  • grih – tyag karne ke baad sidharth ( budh ) ne vaishali ke aalaarkalaam se sankhy darshan ki shiksha grihan ki. aalaarkalaam sidharth ke pratham ke pratham guru huye. 
  • aalaarkalaam ke baad sidharth ne rajgeer ke rudrkramputtm se shiksha grihan ki. 
  • uruvella me sidharth ko kondiny, vappa , bhadiya, mahanaama evm assagi namak panch sadhak mile.
  • bina ann-jal grahn kiye 6 varsh ki kathin tapsya ke bad 35 varsh ki aayu me vaishakh ki purnima ki rat niranjana (falgu) nadi ke kinare, peepal vriksh ke niche, sidharth ko gyan prapt hua . 
  • gyan-prapti ke bad sidharth budh ke naam se jane gaye. vah sthan bodhgya kahlaya. 
  • budh ne apna pratham updesh sar nath (rishipatanam) me diya , bodh grntho me pravartan kaha gya hain. 
  • budh ne apne updesh jansadharan ki bhasha pali me diye.
  • budh ne apne updesh koshal , vaishakhi, kaushambi evm any rajyo me diye.
  • budh ne apne sarvadhik koshal desh ki rajdhani shravasti me diye.
  • inke pramukh anuyayi shasak the- bimbisar, prasenjit tatha udyin.
  • budh ki mrityu 80 varsh ki avastha me 483 isa purv kishinara I devriya, uttar pradesh ) me chund dwara arpit bhojan karne ke baad ho gayi , jise bodh dharm me mahaprinirvan kaha gaya hai . 
  • mallo ne atyant sammanpurvak budh ka anteshti sanskar kiya.
  • ek anushruti ke anusar mrityu ke baad budh ke sharir ke avshesho ko aath bhago me bantkar un par aath stupo ka nirman karaya gaya.
  • budh ke janm evm mrityu ki tithi ko chini parmpara ke kenton abhilekh ke aadhar par nishchit kiya gaya hain. 
  • bodhdharm ke bare me hame vishad gyan tripitak (vinaypitak, sutrpitak v abhidambhpitak ) se prapt hota hain. teeno pitko ki bhasha pali hain. 
  • bodhdharm mulath anishvarvadi hain . isme aatma ki prikalpna nahi hai . 
  • bodhdharm me punrjanm ki manyta hain. 
  • trishna ko kshin ho jane ki avastha ko budh ne nirvan kaha hain.
  • “vishv dukho se bhara hain” ka sidhant budh ne upnishad se liya.
  • budh ke anuyayi do bhago me vibhajit the-

1. bhikshuk: bodhdharm ke prachar ke liye jinhone sanyas grahan kiya , unhe “bhikshuk” kaha gya .
2. upasak: grahsth jeevan vyatit karte huye bodh dharm apnane valo ko”upasak” kaha gya 

  • bodhsangh me sammilit hone ke liye nyuntam aayu- seema 15 varsg thi.
  • bodhsangh me pravishti hone ko upsampda kaha jata tha.
  • bodhdharm ke triratn hai- budh, dhamm evm sangh.

 

                                           bodh sabhay

Sabha
Samay
Sthan
Adhyaksh
Shasankal
Pratham bodh sangiti
483 isa purv
Rajgrih
Mahakashyam
Ajatshatru
Dvitiy bodh sangiti
383 isa purv
Vaishali
Sabakami
Kalashok
Tritya bodh sangiti
255 isa purv
Patliputra
Moggaliputt tiss
Ashok
Chaturth bodh sangiti
Isa ki pratham shatabdi
Kundalvan
Vasumitra/ ashvghos
kanishk

 

  •  chaturth bodh sangiti ke bad bodhdharm do bhago heenyan evm mahayan me vibhajit ho gaya.
  • dharmik julus ka prarambh sabse pahle bodhdharm ke dwara prarambh kiya gaya. bodho ka sabse pavitr vaishakh purnima hain, jise budh purnima ke naam se jana jata hain. iska mahtv isliye hai ki budh purnima ke hi din budh ka janm, gyan ki prapti evm mahaprinirvan ki prapti hain .
  • budh ne sansarik dukho ke sambandh me char aary satyo ka updesh diya hain- 
(1) dukh
(2)   dukh samuday
(3) dukh nirodh
(4) dukh nirodhgamini pratipada
in sansarik dukho se mukti hetu , budh ne ashtangik marg ki baat kahi 
1. samyak drishti  
2. samyak sankalp
3. samyak vani
4. samyak karmant 
5. samyak aajeev
6. samyak vyayam 
7. samyak smriti
8. samyak samadhi
  • budh ke anusar ashangik margo ke palan karne ke uprant manushy ki bhav trishna nasht ho jati hai or use nirvan prapt ho jata hain. 
  • nirvan bodh dharm ka param lakshy hain, jiska arth hai ‘deepak ka bujh jana’ arthat jeevan-maran chakr se mukt ho jana. budh ne nirvan-prapti ko saral banane ke liye nimn das sheelo par bal diya
1. ahinsa 2. satya 3. astey ( chori na karna) 4. aprigrah ( kisi prakar ki sampati na rakhana) 5. madhy- sevan na karna 6.asamay bhojan na karna 7. sukh prad vistar par nahi sona 8. dhan- sampada sanchay na karna 9. striyo se dur rahana 10. nrity- gaan aadi se dur rahna . grihstho ke liye keval pratham panch sheel tatha bhikshuo ke liye dasho sheel manana anivary tha. 
    

gautam budh
gautam budh

 

  • budh ne madhyam marg ( madhyma pratipada ) ka updesh diya.
  • anishvarvad ke sambandh me bodhdharm evm jaindharm me samanta hain. 
  • jatak kathay pradarshit karti hai ki bodhisatv ka avtar manushy rup me bhi ho sakta hai tatha pashuo ke rup me bhi.
  • bodhisatv ke rup me punrjanmo ki dheergh shrinkhla ke antrgat budh ne shaky muni ke rup me apna antim janm prapt kiya kintu iske uprant metrey tatha any anam budh abhi avtarit hone shesh hain. 
  • sarvadhik budh murtiyo ka nirman gandhar sheli ke antrgat kiya gaya lekin budh ki pratham murti sambhath mathura kala ke antrgat bani thi.
  • tibbat, bhutan evm padoshi desho me bodh dharm ka prachar padmsabhav (guru rinpach) ne kiya.
  • inka sambandh bodh dharm ke bajryan shakha se tha. inki 123 feet unchi murti himachal pradesh reval sar jheel me hain.

 

 

One thought on “सामान्य ज्ञान-प्रमुख धर्म-General knowledge-most religion-bodh dharma”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *