what is zoology in science

 

what  is zoology in science

 

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This lesson will give you an overview of zoology. First, the field is defined. Then, you’ll get an idea of the many branches of zoology and a taste of the wide variety of tools a zoologist may need.

Definition of Zoology

Zoology is the scientific study of animals. This discipline can include animal anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, genetics, evolution, ecology, behaviour and conservation.

Branches of Zoology

Anthrozoology

 

anthropology

 

 

Anthrozoology is a study of interaction between humans and other animals. This sub-discipline of zoology overlaps with anthropology, veterinary medicine, ethnology and zoology.

Arachnology

 

harvestmen

 

Arachnology is a branch of zoology that deals with the study of spiders and related species known as arachnids (such as scorpions, harvestmen, etc).

Arachnology

Arachnology is a branch of zoology that deals with the study of spiders and related species known as arachnids (such as scorpions, harvestmen, etc).

Bionics

Bionics is the study of mechanical systems that function like living organisms or parts of living organisms. It is the concept of applying biological methods and systems found in nature to the study/design of engineering systems and modern technology.

Cetology

dolfin

Cetology is a branch of zoology that deals with the study of marine mammals that include whales, dolphins, torpoise, etc.

Embryology

 

sex cell

 

The branch of zoology that studies the prenatal development of gametes (also known as sex cells), fertilization, and development of embryos and fetuses.

Embryology

 

development of embryos and fetuses

 

The branch of zoology that studies the prenatal development of gametes (also known as sex cells), fertilization, and development of embryos and fetuses.

Entomology

Entomology is the study of insects. The following is the list of sub-branches of Entomology that specializes in different types of insects.
  • Coleopterology (Beetles)

     

beetle

 

Coleopterology is the Entomology sub-branch that concerns with the study of beetles.
  • Dipterology (Flies)

  

flies

 

Dipterology is the sub-discipline of Entomology that studies all types of flies
  • Hemipterology (True Bugs)

  

trues bugs

 

Hemipterology is the sub-division of Entomology that studies true bugs or hemiptera.
  • Isopterology (Termites)

     

Termites

 

Isopterology is the study of termites.
  • Lepidopterology (Butterflies)

   

butterflies

 

 

Lepidopterology is a branch of Entomology that covers the study of butterflies and moths.
  • Melittology (Bees)

   

bees

 

Melittology is the study of bees. It is also known as Apiology.
  • Myrmecology (Ants)

   

ants

 

Myrmecology is a sub-discipline of Entomology which focuses on the study of ants.
  • Orthopterology (Grasshoppers)

    

grasshoppers

 

Orthopterology is a sub-discipline of Entomology which handles the study of grasshoppers, crickets, etc.
  • Trichopterology (Caddis Flies)

    

caddies fly

 

Trichopterology is a sub-branch of Entomology focusing on the study of caddis flies.
  • Vespology (Wasps)

   

wasps

 

Vespology is a sub-discipline of Entomology which specializes in the study of wasps

Ethology

Ethology is a branch of zoology that deals with animal behavior under their natural habitats and studying their behavior as an adaptive trait in evolution

Helminthology

helminths


Helminthology is the study of parasitic worms (helminths) and deals with taxonomy of helminth and the effect on their hosts.

Herpetology

 

reptiles

 

Herpetology is the study of reptiles and amphibians.
  • Batrachology (Amphibians)

 

Batrachology is a branch of Herpetology concerns with the study of amphibians alone.
  • Ophiology (Snakes)

    

snake

 

Ophiology or Ophidiology is a sub-division of Herpetology which deals with the study of ophidians or snakes.

Histology

Histology is the study of microscopic anatomy of cells and tissues of animals and plants

Ichthyology

 

fish

 

Ichthyology is a branch of zoology that covers the study of fish (also known as fish science)

Malacology

 

octopus

 

Malacology is the study of Mollusca such as snails, slugs, octopus, clams, and all animals that live in water with shells.
  • Conchology (Mollusk Shells)

 

Conchology is a sub discipline of malacology that deals with the study of mollusk shells only.

Mammalogy

Mammalogy is the study of mammals and their characteristics. Mammalogy is also referred as Mastology, Theriology or Therology.

Morphology

Morphology is a branch of zoology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.

Nematology

Nematology is a sub-discipline of zoology that studies roundworms (nematodes)

Ornithology

Ornithology is a branch of zoology that deals with the study of birds. Check out the most colorful bird sin the world

Palaeo zoology

Palaeo zoology is a branch of zoology that deals with the study of fossil animals to identify multi-cellular animals from geological perspective to establish prehistoric environments and their ecosystems.

Pathology

Pathology is the study of bodily fluids in laboratory such as blood, urine or tissues to diagnose a disease. It further narrows down to plant pathology (for plants) and veterinary pathology (for animals).

Primatology

 

monkeys

 

Primatology is a study of living and extinct primates (monkeys, apes, and prosimians)

Protozoology

 

amoeba

 

Protozoology is a branch of zoology that deals with the study of Protozoa (which are unicellular organisms such as amoeba, etc.).

Taxonomy

Taxonomy is a study that defines groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics and giving names to those groups.

Zoogeography

Zoogeography is the scientific study of geographical distribution of animal species (both historic and contemporary) in the world.

Zoography

Zoography is study of animals and their habitats (also known as descriptive zoology).

Zoometry

Zoometry is a sub-division of zoology that deals with measurements (length or size) of animal parts

Zootomy

Human Anatomy is the study of the structure of humans and their various parts whereas Zootomy specifically refers to animal anatomy.

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